french cruisers ww1

The later 1893 model is a shortened version, heavier at 10,840 tons, 8,076 m long or 40 calibres instead of 45. They served as a model for all French cruisers-cruisers to come. This QF gun was an international success story, by an American which created his company in France and was made famous for his guns and machine guns, competitors of Vickers own products. That’s why the plan was revised in 1914 to comprise eight grands éclaireurs d’escadre which loosely translates as “large squadron scouts”. Their career was very active though. Infernet was badly damaged and removed from service in 1910. Stability on these ships was doubtful and Protet was heavily ballasted. Roger Chesneau, Eugène M. Koleśnik, Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships (1860-1905) Robert Gardiner et Randal Gray, Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships (1906-1921) Eric Gille, Cent ans de cuirassés français, Nantes, Marines édition http://le.fantasque.free.fr/php3/gun.php3?page_size=M#mn_spl_194_40_87 http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNFR_76-50_m1902.php Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, Tome II, 1870–2006 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cruisers_of_France http://fr.naval-encyclopedia.com/1ere-guerre-mondiale/marine-francaise.php#crois, Your email address will not be published. Contrary to the two others, Cécille, which entered service in September 1890, served in the French Caribbean, and from 1907 she was used as a school ship for mechanics in Toulon and was still active in 1919. Next she was sent to Morocco, and the Eastern Mediterranean. All three diverged in displacement: Troude 1,994 tonnes, Lalande 1,968 tonnes, Cosmao 1,923 tonnes. The plough bow as made by the French may look impressive but the shape was tailored to absorb the shock of the impact when ramming, and was compartmented so to not provoke damage or water leaks into the regular bow behind. However her guns has been requisitions by the army at that time, she was left with two 164 mm, four 75 mm and four 47 mm guns. Technical specifications Displacement: 7,995t FL Dimensions: 117 x 18 x 7.5 m Propulsion: 2 shaft VTE, 5 boilers, 14,500 hp, 19.2 knots. Arguably the invention of the protected cruiser was British, with the experimental 1878 Comus class corvettes, which had a full-lenght protective deck, or the Italia class battleships (1880), which protection was limited to the protective deck again. Armour: from 250 mm turrets to 20 mm decks Crew: 559 Armament: 2 x 192, 12 x 140, 12 x 47, 6 x 37 mm, 2 x 457 mm TT sub. She struck a reef at Cape Blanc off Algeria and sank in 1930. Now this plan mentioned “battleships” and “scout cruisers” but nothing in between, although the battlecruiser concept was known since the Royal Navy introduced the Invincible class in 1909. The latter was removed from the lists in 1910. Crew: 250/269 Armament: 4 x 140, 2 of 100, 8 x 47, 6 x 37 mm, 4 x 457 mm TT aw, 120 mines. The torpedo gunboat Dunois and the cruiser Gloire in the background. A bit provocative in its title, this article is dedicated to French prewar battlecruisers paper projects, proposed by officers Durant-Viel and P.Gille. Technical specifications Displacement: 8150t. FL Dimensions: 149 x 21.34 x 8.36 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 42 Niclausse boilers, 36,000 hp. Challenger class third class protected cruisers HMS Challenger, Encounter Laid down 1900-1901, completed 1904-1905. The new guns would have fired 880 kg (1,940 lb) shells able to penetrate 300 mm (12 in) of armor at 12,700 m. The secondary battery was increased by 4 guns, for 28 total. The type, just like coastal “battleships” was particularly popular in the young school. They participated in August 1914 in the pursuit of the German squadron (admiral Souchon), and patrolled in the Strait of Otranto. 8× 370mm, 28× 138.6mm M1910, 4× 450mm (18 in) TTs, Belt 260?, turrets 250?, blockhaus 240?, barbettes 230? They were started in 1901-03 and completed in 1905-07. With such armor, secondary armament (even lighter) and heavy battery no doubt these ships would have been formidable opponents for any navy of the day. Technical specifications Displacement: 5,374 tonnes, 6,200 tonnes Fully loaded Dimensions: 110 x 15.30 x 6.5 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 18 Belleville boilers, 10,000 hp., 19 knots. It was mounted on the last French armoured cruisers (Dupleix, Gloire, Gueydon, Léon Gambetta) and République-class pre-dreadnoughts. Photomanipulation showing the Type B as she could have been in 1940. They are not integrated into the main count of “cruisers” and were only a ten-years fad, soon eclipsed by faster torpedo boat destroyers. French Cruisers Drawings/Plan Sets – WWI and later designs – Free original hires Warship Plan sets, Cruiser Drawings! mm. The 164 mm muzzle velocity was 770–775 m/s (2,530–2,540 ft/s) and effective firing range was 9,000 m (9,800 yd) at 25°. They were the same used in the secondary battery of the new Courbet and Bretagne-class battleships. From 1922 she was attached to the gunnery school and was discarded in 1923. Technical specifications Displacement: 3,982 tons FL dimensions: 94 x 13 x 6.30 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 20 Niclausse boilers, 9500 hp, 16 knots. Published by Seaforth Publishing. This category is for cruisers designed, built, or operated by France during World War I (1914–1918). She was also the onl non-sailing French cruiser, but soon protected cruisers became the norm. The M1893 was soon eclipsed by the 194 mm/40 (7.64″) Modèle 1893 and the 194 mm/50 (7.64″) Modèle 1902. A lot of shipyard workers had been drafted. La Marine Française (French Navy) is still called “La Royale” to this day (“Royal” (navy)) according to its pre-revolutionary traditions. The French armored cruisers and destroyers were poor designs. The French cruisers of the World War II era comprise several interesting concepts of naval construction and operations. There are a total of [ 33 ] WW1 Cruiser Warships (1914-1918)entries in the Military Factory. She returned to the eastern Mediterranean, shelling Bodrum. In 1923 he was rebuilt, then served in France before being assigned to school in 1928, first of the gunners and then cadets. As customary also the design incorporates four submerged TTs for close and personal duels. It was a far cry of the 12 ships initially planned. Two more were planned for a construction in private shipyards to spare construction time. You can post above average damage and still lose because the last ships will run you down and pen you to … The revised plans under ‘Project 171’ concerned six cruisers, presented by the new French Minister of Marine, Georges Leygues by January 1920. They made several suggestions to improve the design, as enlarging the hull and adding four 65 mm/50 Modèle 1902 high-angle (AA) guns, deleting the mainmast, reducing shafts to two. Armament was reinforced, with four 3.9 in guns (100 mm) instead of the 9-pdr, twice more 3-pdr (47 mm), eight 1-pdr (37 mm) Hotchkiss QF revolver guns, and seven TTs, one submerged and the other above the waterline. One of the last French cruiser-cruisers, the Renan, designed by Emile Bertin, came directly from Gambetta-class ships, such as the Michelet (1905). In 1919 she returned to her role as a training ship, until 1928 when she was replaced by a new ship of the same name. mm, Decks 80? Despite careful maintenance, their machinery was worn out in 1914 and top speed was usually 15-16 knots. They were reviewed again by a commission in July 1915 (Service technique des constructions navales). Almanzora - 23 August 1915. Léon Gambetta, from War of the Nations, New York Times Co., New York, 1919. They traded this however for speed, not being able to reach their designed 19 knots mark. Both were ballasted for stability. The 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns were the same already made by Schneider-Creusot for the Bretagne and future Normandie class. Armour: Armoured deck 43 mm, bridge, shields and casemates Crew: 235 Armament: 2 x 140, 4 x 100, 8 x 47, 2 x 12.7 mm HMGs. She was however intended to attack enemy merchant ships and destroy any cruiser opposition. She was refloated, towed and repaired in Toulon. The cruiser’s primary armament was eight 138.6 mm (5 in) guns Model 1910. Models for these scout cruisers were not hard to find: Both the Royal Navy and Kaiserliches Marine, Regia Marina and KuK. The only survivor of the class, Cosmao, was built in Gironde arsenal in Bordeaux in 1887, launched in 1889 and completed in 1891. In 1916, he was then posted to the French produced some of the Normandie class they served as target! Which comprised six 1-pdr ( 37 mm ) buildings were in service with France, although caliber.: 146.5 x 21.41 x 8.41 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 24 boilers Temple. Leading TBs, while protecting them and destroying other enemy TBs bit as a target until... The 1st “ light ” division of the d ’ Iberville class torpedo gunboats ( 1893 author... Below in alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) is based on a chronological order rather than tonnage. The remainder fore and aft on the “ a ” design but the third in 1919 class ship. Until 1937 1893 and the CT had 2.8 in walls, the three ships Casabianca. 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